|United Kingdom of Great Britain|
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the UK Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
On 1 May 1707, the United Kingdom of Great Britain came into being, the result of Acts of Union being passed by the parliaments of England and Scotland to ratify the 1706 Treaty of Union and so unite the two kingdoms. In the early 19th century, the British-led Industrial Revolution began to transform the country.
As a consequence of various conflicts between the British and French, the United Kingdom gained and lost territories within British North America until it was left, in the late 18th century, with what mostly geographically comprises Canada in Murdoch's time and today.
Queen Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India.
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.
The British Empire comprised the Dominions, Crown colony colonies, Protectorates, League of Nations mandates and other Dependent territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. At the peak of its power, the phrase "the empire on which the sun never sets" was often used to describe the British Empire, because its expanse around the globe meant that the sun was always shining on at least one of its territories.
Social reform and home rule for Ireland were important domestic issues after 1900. The Labour Party emerged from an alliance of trade unions and small Socialist groups in 1900, and suffragettes campaigned for women's right to vote before 1914.
British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories British Overseas Territories, and Crown dependencies, and their descendants. The complex history of the formation of the United Kingdom created a "particular sense of nationhood and belonging" in Great Britain and Ireland; Britishness became "superimposed on much older identities", of English, Scots, Welsh, Irish and Cornish cultures, whose distinctiveness still resists notions of a homogenized British identity.